Transport refrigeration is an integration of transport facilities offered to certain products which need to be kept under refrigerated conditions. This is an important provision especially for those businesses which deal with food products and beverages that are perishable in nature and hence need to be kept in certain temperatures. This provision has been integrated with various companies that seemingly deal with different business operations. This technology has been adopted by certain logistics companies which are partnered with other food or beverage manufacturing companies. This involves having provisions of certain specially manufactured vans known as refrigerated vans which actually create cold and protects the food items from perishing or getting damaged.
Coming to certain product specifications of the vehicles offering transport refrigeration it can be observed that the body of the vehicle is made up of certain metals and composite materials which offer great insulation to the interior of the vehicle thus enabling effective temperature control inside. Apart from these, the walls of the vehicle are lined with certain tubes through which the liquid refrigerant flows. These coupled with the compressor which distributes the heat to the exterior helps in generating freezing temperatures inside the vehicle itself. These provisions not only offer great refrigeration but also save a lot on energy consumption.
Coming to the types of vehicles used in the case of transport refrigeration there are refrigerated trucks and trailers that help in carrying bigger loads of items that need to be preserved in the cold. The temperature generated inside these vehicles range from 1.5 to 4 degrees centigrade in case of cold foods and can reach up to -18 degrees centigrade in case of frozen foods. The coolant used for refrigeration may vary depending on the size of the vehicle as well as the quantity of items that need to be kept cold or frozen. Some commonly used coolants are water ice, dry ice, liquid nitrogen or carbon dioxide sprays.
These facilities of transport refrigeration have found great applicability in a wide gamut of industries catering to their respective refrigeration needs. Marine refrigeration and refrigeration in air transport are two of the most prominent contexts where these facilities have gained immense prominence. For instance, a large shipment of fishes is to be exported or imported by a company or certain lifesaving drugs are to be shipped from one country to another. These are the cases where these facilities of refrigeration are most effective in preserving the products.
The inherent benefits of transport refrigeration are many. In the first place these refrigeration facilities are highly customizable and can be mounted on or integrated with just about any vehicle or ship or aircraft. This has the advantage of offering refrigeration solutions for just about any food item or beverages. Moreover the insulating material or coolant used in the vehicle can also be chosen in accordance with the duration for which the products are to be cooled and the distance to be covered while transporting the products from one place to another. This helps in reducing the costs of energy consumption to a great extent.